Latin, Episode 3
In this episode of our regular series, Latin, Dr. Fleming reviews the Lord’s Prayer, the Our Father, in Latin and examines more deeply some of its sentences by looking at how they are rendered in Latin (and originally, in Greek). He then goes on to discuss the second declension, the genitive case, and begins to look at the subjunctive. He ends the episode on a fruitful tangent by exploring true and false “restoration” when it comes to languages…and art.
Original Air Date: April 6, 2016
Show Run Time: 1 hour 17 minutes
Show Guest(s): Dr. Thomas Fleming
Show Host(s): Stephen Heiner
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The Fleming Foundation Presents Latin℗ is a Production of the Fleming Foundation. Copyright 2016. All Rights are Reserved.
A. Clarifying Texts
Pater noster, qui es in caelis, sanctificetur nomen tuum. Adveniat regnum tuum. Fiat voluntas tua, sicut in caelo et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie, et dimitte nobis debita nostra sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris. Et ne nos inducas in tentationem, sed libera nos a malo.
Latin precari> Italian pregare
Orare, bitte, prithee
To the question, "Should I read and analyze each word of a text or skim for understanding?" the answer is: Do both, alternately. It is necessary to concentrate on grammar but also to develop reading speed.
C. Nouns: The Second declension is the "O" declension, though in some forms the "o" is weakened to "u" as in amicus, amicum, and in others disappears, as in amici.
Genitive Case: Not really the case of possession but of one noun modifying/restricting use, joining to another. In addition to possession, genitive is used to show object of feeling, as in amor patriae (love of country), the material or substance from which something is made or consists, talentum auri, quantity, pars copiarum,
D Verbal Moods are modes of talking about events or making statements. The indicative is used for statements or questions about things that are or have happened, the subjunctive for things t hat may or may not be, because they are conjectured or feared, hoped for, commanded, etc., and imperative for commands. Subjunctive forms often more polite, as in ne nos inducas in tentationem.
Imperative: Negative imperatives typically use either ne+ subjunctive or noli/nolite plus infinitive.