Latin, Episode 4
In this episode of Latin, Dr. Fleming discusses the third declension, the dative case, and the inapt uses of English words that have Latin roots, particularly “fabulous,” “tremendous,” and the like.
Remember that this podcast is not a formal course but a foray into the study of Latin.
Original Air Date: April 29, 2016
Show Run Time: 1 hour 10 minutes
Show Guest(s): Dr. Thomas Fleming
Show Host(s): Stephen Heiner
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The Fleming Foundation Presents Latin℗ is a Production of the Fleming Foundation. Copyright 2016. All Rights are Reserved.
Notes for Latin: Episode Four
A. Clarifying Texts (Acts 2:1)
et cum conplerentur dies pentecostes erant omnes pariter in eodem loco et factus est repente de caelo sonus tamquam advenientis spiritus vehementis et replevit totam domum ubi erant sedentes et apparuerunt illis dispertitae linguae tamquam ignis seditque supra singulos eorum. et repleti sunt omnes Spiritu Sancto et coeperunt loqui aliis linguis prout Spiritus Sanctus dabat eloqui illis. Erant autem in Hierusalem habitantes Iudaei viri religiosi ex omni natione quae sub caelo sunt facta autem hac voce convenit multitudo et mente confusa est quoniam audiebat unusquisque lingua sua illos loquentes stupebant autem omnes et mirabantur dicentes nonne omnes ecce isti qui loquuntur Galilaei sunt...
B Pedagogy (5 minutes)
How to memorize noun, pronoun adjective paradigms.
1) Try to avoid mesmerizing sing-song patterns, recite adjectives across all genders and not vertically, and memorize together nouns, adjectives, pronouns with different endings:
haec prudens puella, huius prudentis puellae, huic prudenti, puellae, hanc prudentem puellam, etc.
C Nouns : (10 Minutes)
Third Declension: Consists of nouns with genitive in -is, without a vowel in the stem and nouns with an -i
-(e) m -es/-is
Among consonant-stems, those ending in liquid consonants—r, l, n-- typically do not add -s in nominative: consul, -is, nomen, -inis, also labor, nectar, arbor, October etc., but some nouns with nominative in -s are really -r stems with rhotacism: mas, maris, ceres cereris, genus, generis. Nouns with stems ending in -n it in nominative, as leo, leonis; imago, imaginis.
Model I-stem nouns to remember: civis, civis, aedes, aedis, and urbs, urbis
Dative Case: Indirect relationships
With intransitive verbs of please/displease, advantage/disadvantage, help/harm, bid/forbid: Placeo, imperare, nocere, invidere, suadere, etc. Eventually develop sense. Many words can be clumsily translated to give sense: be pleasing to, helpful to, harmful to, where as a verb like hit or eat can not be so treated.
Possession with verb essere: Indicates close connection. The dative is the person interested in the possession. Puer librum habet as opposed to Liber puero est.
Dative or Personal Interest—person from whose point of view action is being carried out or in whose interest or to whose advantge